“The Azores archipelago has unique characteristic natural features (humid temperate climate and volcanic geomorphology). The main objective of this proposal is to set-up an in situ experimental framework to study the effects of temperature increase and extreme precipitation patterns on Azorean orchards, focusing on arthropods and plants. We intend to generate field data that can be used to predict more accurately the consequences of climate change for these systems, and how these can be applied by decision makers. For this, we propose to use agroecosystems (orchards) in Terceira Island.
The specific objectives of this study are to:
Climate change mitigation international policies are becoming an important factor in the future of agriculture in Europe and the world. Efforts to conserve biological diversity on islands are increasing worldwide. The CBD Global Island Partnership (GLISPA http://www.cbd.int/island/glispa.shtml; visited 2 Nov 2016) aims to assist islands “in addressing one of the world’s greatest challenges — to conserve and sustainably utilize invaluable island natural resources that support people, cultures and livelihoods in their island homes around the world.” Europe is politically responsible for several overseas territories, most of them islands. The importance of these territories for global biodiversity has been highlighted repeatedly. The last example is the Declaration of Guadeloupe (2014) in the International Conference on Biodiversity and Climate Change held in Guadeloupe from 22-25 October 2014. (See http://ec.europa.eu/environment/nature/biodiversity/best/pdf/message__from_guadeloupe_en__2_.pdf). This works’ objectives are intended to bring some more knowledge and practical applications not only to the farmers themselves, but also to the decision makers in order to improve agricultural policies toward mitigation of the climate change impacts.”